What is EUSALP?
The EU Strategy for the Alpine Region (EUSALP) is a macro-regional strategy. It is based on a joint initiative of Alpine states and regions to strengthen cooperation between them and to address common challenges in a more effective way. Seven countries (Austria, France, Italy, Germany, Slovenia, Liechtenstein and Switzerland) and 48 regions are involved in it.
The EUSALP aims at addressing Alpine-specific challenges, such as the balancing of development and environmental protection, the enhancement of competitiveness, and the reduction of territorial disparities. The partner states and regions are currently defining the cooperation fields and an action plan is being developed. For further information please check the EUSALP website.
EUSALP implementation: the Action Groups
The implementation of EUSALP is the task of the EUSALP nine Action Groups (AG). They are organised thematically along the 4 Objectives of the strategy:
1. Fostering sustainable growth and promoting innovation in the Alps: from theory to practice, from research centers to enterprises:
+ AG1: To develop an effective research and innovation ecosystem + AG2: To increase the economic potential of strategic sectors + AG3: To improve the adequacy of labour market, education and training in strategic sectors
2. Connectivity for all: in search of a balanced territorial development through environmentally friendly mobility patterns, transport systems and communication services and infrastructures:
+ AG4: To promote inter-modality and interoperability in passenger and freight transport
+ AG5: To connect people electronically and promote accessibility to public services
3. Ensuring sustainability in the Alps: preserving the Alpine heritage and promoting a sustainable use of natural and cutural resources:
+ AG6: To preserve and valorise natural resources, including water and cultural resources
+ AG7: To develop ecological connectivity in the whole EUSALP territory
+ AG8: To improve risk management and to better manage climate change, including major natural risks prevention
+ AG9: To make the territory a model region for energy efficiency and renewable energy
4. Improving cooperation and the coordination of action in the Alpine Region.
Both the EUSALP management bodies and Interreg Alpine Space foster synergy between the EUSALP AG and the Interreg Alpine Space projects.
Correspondence EUSALP Action Groups and Interreg Alpine Space projects
Download the brochure "Alpine cooperation stories"
What is a macro-regional strategy?
An EU macro-regional strategy is an integrated political framework to address common challenges faced by a defined geographical area, such as the Alpine region. As a governance tool it provides a strategic direction for the development of the region and helps to coordinate the manifold initiatives and players that work on solutions for the identified challenges.
Member States and third countries located in the macro-region benefit from strengthened cooperation towards economic, social and territorial cohesion. Macro-regional strategies do not rely on any additional EU funding. One of the challenges of the involved states and regions is thus to align existing resources with the aims of their strategy. In other words, macro-regional strategies can help find ways to better use existing resources, legislation and structures for the benefit of the whole region.
Four EU macro-regional strategies have been adopted so far, covering the Baltic region, the Danube region, the Adriatic-Ionian region and the Alpine region. They have been endorsed by the European Council and may be supported by the European Structural and Investment Funds among others. more information about funding opportunities for macro-regions is available on the EuroAccess website: www.euro-access.eu.
More information on the macro-regional strategy for the Alpine Region (EUSALP) and the links to the programme is available here.
What is the difference between macro-regional strategies and Interreg transnational programmes?
Link to the EU strategies websites
Four EU macro-regional strategies, covering several policies, have been adopted so far: