1420

Project idea database

Preparing the massive arrival of autonomous vehicles in the Alpine Space

Priority
Specific objective
2.2 Increase options for low carbon mobility and transport
Keywords
  • Logistics and freight transport Multimodal transport New products and services Transport and mobility Urban development
Country
FR
Date of submission
30 Sep 2018
Last update
12 Nov 2018
Main objectives
Within the current mobility schemes, society and cities faces several challenges such as noise and GHG emissions, traffic casualties, traffic jams, space occupation and others. Whereas public transport is an efficient alternative in high densely areas, exploitation and economic difficulties persist in rural areas for personal intensive mass transport solutions. Nearly all automotive manufacturers are today working on autonomous vehicles which shall address most of the ongoing problems cited above, and which will led, by term, to driverless, fully autonomous vehicles autonomous vehicles – cars, shuttle buses, public transport, freight transport – (AV5 as of SAE standard J3016 category 5*), which • will be electric vehicles with locally zero GHG and reduced noise emissions, • are considered to increase traffic security and reduce the number and severity of casualties, • shall help increasing exploitation and giving back to cities spaces today occupied by parked vehicles. Thanks to these AV5s, new innovative and economically interesting mobility services in cities as well as in rural areas can be developed to improve accessibility and mobility for citizens. On the other hand, today, traffic management is done by horizontal and vertical traffic signs, traffic lights, sign-posts, whether they are static or dynamic. Highly intelligent and connected AV5s can be managed differently, rather with digital information and/or instruction than with traditional physical sign-posts. Being connected, AV5s can also be managed to optimize the traffic situation especially in areas with heavy traffic. Different cities and areas will decide on different manners / strategies to manage traffic by AV5s. As AV5s must be able to operate not only locally, but European-wide, a transnational approach for future (European or world-wide) solutions need to be imagined and developed. The project aims at analysing the impact of AV5s on person and freight transport in small and medium cities as well as in rural areas in the Alpine Space, on user’s expectations as well as on potential strategies for public authorities when preparing for the (massive) arrival of AV5s. The Alpine Space is a perfect area for this type of preliminary study as all types of traffic situations and geographical specifications are unified in a condensed area. * Automated Driving. Levels of Driving Automation are defined in new SAE International Standard J3016. SAE International Standard j3016, 2014. URL https://www.smmt.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/automated_driving.pdf (accessed 26.09.2018)
Description of activities
After an state of the art of the potential impacts of AV5s, the activities shall be oriented around the three axis mentioned above: Impact of AV5 on person and freight transport in small and medium cities in the Alpine Space: Synthesize existing information on expected impacts of AV5s on freight and person transport in cities (space occupation, traffic conditions, infrastructures, …) and rural areas; survey with local and regional PAs in the AS to gather their expectations and visions (space occupation, management, impacts, …), build one or more potential scenarios about future urban mobility integrating AV5s and define frame conditions to be respected for well-functioning of the envisaged mobility system. This activity shall be enhanced by the imagination of new innovative mobility systems based on AV5s. User’s expectations on AV5s: Inquire vis-à-vis of a group of persons about their expectations/visions on the use of AV5s (e.g. shared/own car, willingness to use it with other people (as a common taxi), … Potential traffic management strategies for PAs when preparing the (massive) arrival of AV5s: A traffic situation with a share of AV5s >50%? (75%?, to be defined) needs considerations from now on as potentially necessary changings in traffic infrastructures and public investments cannot be realised immediately but need a profound, well reflected and often long-lasting preparation. The management of a very high share of AV5s can be envisaged in three different manners: (1) The anarchic way, where each AV5 tries to find it’s (user)optimum while only communicating with other AV5s or with infrastructures, but without any external instructions, (2), in the opposite site, a dictatorial system where each AV5 follows a route decided by a central computer to get a system optimum by taking into account that some AV5s not using their best route, and finally (3) a system in between these two extremes where AV5s need to be able to find their route without external help in some cases, but get and have to follow instructions from an external source. The aim is to describe the potential systems for different strategies and their best areas of operations in a recommendation’s guide for PAs.
Envisaged outcomes
The main outputs will be • (new/first) insights on users’ expectations on AV5s in the AS countries • Knowledge about the consideration/awareness of PAs about upcoming changings and potential impacts of AV5s in their urban areas • Description of the impact on existing as well as of potential new and innovative mobility services (in cities as well as rural areas) • Strategy recommendations for future traffic with a majority of AV5s in different areas (cities, towns, rural areas)
Partners found
  • Consortium building not yet started, but some project partner ideas existing.
Partners wanted in the following countries
  • Austria
  • Germany
  • Italy
  • Liechtenstein
  • Slovenia
  • Switzerland
Partners wanted from the following institutions
  • Local public authority
  • Regional public authority
  • Infrastructure and (public) service provider
  • Interest groups including NGOs
  • Higher education and research
  • Enterprise
  • SME
Comments on partners wanted
  • A lead partner is welcome

Contact details

Thomas, Röhr
European Programmes Manager, Pôle Véhicule du Futur